Google Launches Catalog Search

A longer, more detailed version of this article is
available to Search Engine Watch members.
Click here to learn more about becoming a member

In December, Google rolled out a completely unexpected offering: Google Catalogs. The new service allows you to search through the contents of catalogs from over 600 companies.

Here's the real twist. These are print catalogs, not online ones. To create this search index, Google scanned these catalogs and converted their printed pages into machine-readable text, using optical character recognition software.

Do a search, and you'll be shown catalogs with pages that contain your search terms. Each listing will show the cover of the catalog, an image of the catalog page where the terms were found, and a close-up of the section of the page containing the terms. Google even highlights your search terms within the close-up image of the catalog page.

When viewing a catalog page, a helpful navigation bar appears at the top of the screen. It lets you easily "browse" through the catalog page by page, as if you were flipping the pages of a real catalog. In addition, you can also keyword search within a particular catalog or jump to specific pages within it, using the navigation bar. The bar also shows contact and other information about the catalog merchant.

My first thought upon seeing the service was "Why?" Of all the things Google could choose to make searchable, why target mail order catalogs? Shopping-oriented searches do make up a significant chunk of any search engine's queries, so launching some type of shopping search service does make sense. But why not instead target online merchant stores?

The answer from Google is that mail order catalogs provide more comprehensive product listings than can be found online and that making catalogs searchable was something it could do easily.

"A number of people [at Google” thought offline catalogs are much better than online shopping sites," said Urs Hvlzle, Google Fellow and member of Google's executive management team.

Explaining further, Hvlzle said a major drawback to print catalogs is that you generally only have a few in your home and there's no way to easily "search" within them. Google Catalogs solves this by letting you search through a virtual library of catalogs.

As for the work involved, the project started several months ago with less than two percent of Google's engineering team working on it. There was also the help of some high school students drafted in to complete some of the scanning. Overall, Hvlzle calls the creation of the catalog "a relatively small effort" to make something useful and unique.

In contrast, "[online” shopping search would be a larger effort, and there are lots of good places out there that do shopping search," Hvlzle said. "Certainly it's something thats already covered."


As I played with Google Catalogs, I realized it was more useful than I had initially imagined. I hadn't considered myself a big catalog shopper until I really thought about the various ones we have in the house. For example, there's our battered 1999 Ikea catalog. We still keep it around because every time we go to Ikea, they're always out of the current ones. Problem solved -- now I can head to Google and have access to the latest catalog.

Why not just go to the merchant's site? You can certainly do that. The vast majority of the catalog companies listed will indeed have web sites. The problem is, they may not have all their products listed. Or, even if they do, you might not be able to locate what you want. The quality of search and navigation on merchant sites is often poor.

For instance, there's been many times when I've browsed through my MicroWarehouse catalog to find some computer supplies, only to discover when visiting the company's web site that the same item in the print catalog doesn't seem to exist online. These are times when I'm thankful to have that trusty paper catalog floating around.

Clearly, Google Catalogs is a great shopping reference tool. However, it's a poor solution for anyone wanting to actually purchase online. For example, consider a search for "remote control blimps," which are helium-filled mylar balloons that you can fly around rooms.

Google brings up plenty of good matches, with the first being from Hammacher Schlemmer. Great -- I'm ready to buy, and I'd like to do it online. To do so, I have to find the product code in the image of the catalog page displayed. Then, I have to either write it down or remember it, so that I can enter it into a box at the bottom of the page that says, "To find an item on the Hammacher Schlemmer website, just type in the product code and press Go!" Doing so delivers me to the right page in the Hammacher Schlemmer web site, where I can purchase the blimp.

That's not too bad, but a direct link would be better. For example, over at, a long-standing site that features mail order and online catalogs, the same search also brings up a match from Hammacher Schlemmer. Clicking on that match immediately brings me to an order-enabled page. There's no need to enter any product numbers by hand. Of course, only listed Hammacher Schlemmer. In contrast, Google was far more comprehensive in its matches.

Another problem at Google Catalog Search is that less than 10 percent of the catalogs it lists even have an option allowing you to enter product numbers and reach an online order page. For the rest, if you don't see a box, you have two choices. First, you can visit the catalog's web site via the URL listed at the top of the catalog page, then try to find the product online. Second, and the option Google recommends, is to pick up the telephone and call in your order.

All this may improve, especially given that this is a "beta" launch by Google. It may especially improve quickly if Google follows-up with some advertising options, discussed further below. But so far, users don't seem to find the difficulty in fulfilling orders to be a problem, Google says.

"We havent heard from users, 'Why cant I shop with this,'" said Google spokesperson David Krane. Instead, Krane said the predominant feedback is that users seem to enjoy being able to search and browse for ideas, using Google Catalog Search as a research tool rather than an online shopping mall.


Google would like to make money off the new service and looks to be far more aggressive about that than when it rolled out its other "vertical" search services. For example, Google Groups and Google Images were launched without any sign that advertising options would soon follow on them. In contrast, an "Information for Catalog Vendors" page suggests ways that Google might aim to work with catalog vendors, in return for payment, such as through direct links to products.

These paid-for direct links don't yet exist, but should they actually be made available, it will be a fundamental change for Google. For the first time, cash would have a role within Google's editorial content, something the company has suggested is wrong when other search engines have done this.

Specifically, Google is the only major crawler-based search engine that does not have a "paid inclusion" program, and it is proud of this fact. In paid inclusion, sites pay to be included in editorial listings. They generally are NOT guaranteed to rank well for particular terms, as part of the deal. That remains left to the usual ranking algorithms. Instead, the paid inclusion programs are designed so that sites that pay have more pages indexed than might ordinarily happen when a crawler follows purely automated processes.

Google dislikes paid inclusion, because it involves money in the editorial listing process. In turn, that may cause people to question the quality of the listings they receive. To avoid this, Google keeps things clear cut. Money can get you a top ranking at Google, but only in the clearly marked "Sponsored Links" areas of the results page, which are just above and to the right of editorial results. Money has no impact on how the editorial results rank or appear.

Direct links in Catalog Search wouldn't change this policy. Google has no plans to let money influence which catalog results would get a top listing. Instead, direct links would simply help a user make that final connection between a product they are interested in and an online ordering option or more information directly from a vendor.

Would this be bad? Not at all. Indeed, it could even be good. Direct links would also help users, who want to click through to online ordering options, when these are available. Revenue from direct links also helps users another way, by keeping Google in business. Overall, done with care, money can play a helpful role, even in editorial areas.

Of course, that's exactly what Google's competitors, Inktomi, AltaVista and FAST, have been saying about their paid inclusion programs. And while direct links in Google Catalogs wouldn't be paid inclusion, the fundamental mix of some cash within editorial content remains the same. Implementing such a program will make things a little less "clear cut" at Google, a significant philosophical change.

It's important to note that this isn't yet happening nor may it actually happen. "The main goal of the vendor page is to stimulate conversation with major catalog publishing companies," Krane said.


Google Catalogs currently includes catalogs from over 600 companies. Including back issues, the total number of catalogs indexed is 1,500. The company wants to raise this number further, soliciting catalogs from its users, from catalog vendors and even its own employees.

"There are donation boxes all around the Googleplex," Krane said. "It's amazing how many you can collect."

Google is not charging catalog owners to be included in the index and says it will include any catalog it receives by mail, within days. The only exception are catalogs that focus on liquor, tobacco, firearms, or similar products.

Google is aiming to update its catalog index on a daily basis, so new catalogs may appear at any time. The company didn't say how many per day are being added.

It's also important to note that so far, the catalogs are for US-based companies. There are no immediate plans to add catalogs for countries outside the United States, but this is being evaluated, based on feedback from users.

A longer, more detailed version of this article is
available to Search Engine Watch members.
Click here to learn more about becoming a member

Google Catalogs

Google Catalogs Help

Review this page to learn more about how the navigation bar works at Google Catalogs.

Information for Catalog Vendors

Explains advertising options being considered and where to mail your catalog to be included. Also use the email address on this page if you want to be excluded.

Suggest A New Catalog

Form allowing users to suggest their favorite catalogs.

Google Catalog List

Full list of catalogs that Google Catalogs includes.

Google Catalogs Advanced Search

By default, a search on Google Catalogs only looks through current catalogs. If you want back issues, use the Advanced Search page. Set the date option to "Search all catalogs, including past catalogs," in order to also include back issues. Want to see back issue from a particular vendor? Set the date option as shown, then search for the catalog, by name.


AltaVista did have its own in-house online shopping service, but last November, that shifted over to being powered by DealTime. The deal also handed DealTime the domain that AltaVista previously owned. DealTime also provides shopping search services to Lycos and AOL.