Catawba County Schools in North Carolina obtained an injunction to remove private material from Google because it had no luck getting action from the search engine after trying other routes, the district tells me. The school district also stressed that it didn't claim that Google had somehow hacked into its servers. Here's what Catawba County School's chief technology officer Judith Ray emailed me about the situation:
We asserted that Google had somehow bypassed our login information, not that they had hacked their way into the system. Hacking, to me assumes malicious intent and we never intended to imply that Google was doing anything other than spidering all the web sites available.
There is also miscommunication about "all users" being required to log in. The DocuShare server is a repository for both public and private information with logins being required for users who are authorized to view the restricted information. There are hundreds of pages of information that we share from DocuShare with users around the state. These are completely open and are not supposed to [be] password protected.
We did troubleshoot this situation by searching for the students' information at Yahoo, Dogpile, and AltaVista. We did not find any information on these three search engine returns and we attempted the searches over a three-day period.
We acted so aggressively with Google because, until the media got involved, we could not get beyond an operator at Google. We could not get operators to connect us with technical support, the legal department, or to anyone higher up in the organization. We were only given an email address to which we could submit a complain - which we did but got no response. Google has a link to submit an emergency request [see here] but on both Thursday and Friday of last week, the link took you to a dead page. Only when the news media submitted its own inquiry to Google did we get a call regarding the situation. And [Google] has been most helpful in working through this situation with us.
Of course, none of us who are employed with Catawba County Schools at the current time were involved when Xerox set up this server. We are trying to ascertain if the server was incorrectly setup/protected or if the appropriate include meta tags or strings were not included.
Google Blamed For Indexing Student Test Scores & Social Security Numbers from us earlier has more background on the injunction plus how I was finding pages from what the district said was a password protected area to still be available through Yahoo. As clarified above, some of these pages indeed didn't require a login to view.
Our story originally was headlined "Google Blamed For Hacking & Indexing Students Test Scores & Social Security Numbers" and said in one part, "the school [district] blames Google for some how breaking into a password protected area and indexing the content."
As stated above, the school district itself never appears to have said anything about being hacked, only that Google somehow got into information it believed was password protected, as it says on the home page of the district site:
We do not know how Google was able to access the secure, password-protected site. Once Google does access a site, it places a copy of the data on its own server. We immediately called and emailed Google, requesting the urgent removal of the link and site data. We have eliminated the link from our end and it appears that as of Friday night, June 23, 2006, Google eliminated the site from their end.
The hacking reference seems to come from the "Google 'hacked our website'" story at The Inquirer, which we linked to in our original story. While the headline says "hacked" in quotes, the story itself doesn't have anyone from the school district saying this.
Digg also has a School claimed google hacked it's private servers and then posted that data article. Again, the school district isn't alleging hacking, only that Google somehow got into information it believed was restricted. How that happened is still being investigated.
As for the reference to Xerox in the school district's explanation, in doing some investigating in our original piece, I noted that the server seemed to be managed by Xerox and shared by other companies as well, with material for those companies appearing to be hosted on the school district's domain. As noted, the school district doesn't know why this was happening, and it remains something they are looking at.
Finally, Google's had problems with the automated page removal tool before, though not that it was down but instead allowing people to remove pages from sites they didn't own. More on that in our 2004 story, Google Confirms Automated Page Removal Bug.