Understanding the impact that the content put out on your brand's Facebook page has on your audience is a critical component in objectively analyzing the performance of your Facebook efforts. Conducting the analysis, however, is often easier said than done.
Facebook Insights provides a nice interface which allows you to see a number of metrics related to each post, but there are quite a few other post level metrics that are beneficial to the analysis yet are not visible in the interface. Gaining access to the additional metrics can be done by either using the Facebook Graph API or exporting the data from Facebook Insights.
Once you have the data, it's time to get organized.
There are many ways organize the data for analysis, but the focus here will be on three top level segments and four metric categories, each of which can also be segmented.
After the analysis, you will have insights into questions such as "what type of post or mix of posts should I utilize in order to achieve a specific objective?" and "when is the ideal time to post?"
The top level segments are the type of post, such as link, photo, video or status, the time of day that the content was posted, and the day of week that it was posted. Each of these will provide insights on its own or can be combined with other segments to provide even more in-depth insights. This information is provided by Facebook for every post.
You can also refrain from segmenting at all and instead compare all posts against each other. This can often be a good starting point to get a high level view of your individual posts.
The next level down from the segments gets into the metrics that can be used to analyze the performance of each segment. The metrics can be organized into four categories, each of which can be seen in the figure below.
- Exposure: This one is pretty self-explanatory. It shows the number of impressions that were generated by your posts. This can be viewed as either total impressions, unique impressions (reach), or impressions by users who have liked your page. These metrics are useful on their own, but become even more useful when used as part of derived calculations, which will be touched on at the end.
- Consumption: This one moves beyond exposure to having some sort of meaningful interaction with your post. This category is called consumption since it is an indication that the user went from being exposed to your post to consuming the content of the post. The sub-metrics of consumption include video plays, photo views, link clicks, and other clicks on the post. Similar to exposure, consumption can also be looked at in aggregate or segmented by the number of unique users who consumed the content and the number of consumptions that came from users who have liked the page.
- Engagement: This is the step you hope users take after being exposed to the post and consuming the posts content. The sub-metrics here include likes of the content, comments about the content, and shares of the content. Engagement can also be viewed in aggregate or segmented by unique users who engaged and engagements that came from users who have liked the page.
- Negative Feedback: This is one that you hope to minimize since it is an indication that the content you're releasing isn't relevant or viewed as spam. Examples of sub-metrics for this category include reporting the post as spam and clicking the X button, which hides the post from the users view.
All the metrics described above are easily accessible using the Facebook Insights export feature or for more advanced users via the Graph API. You're probably familiar with some of these metrics just from using the Facebook Insights interface, but you need to bring the data out of Facebook Insights in order to perform the real analysis.
Once you have your data together in a spreadsheet, you can supplement it with your own derived calculations that will add value by providing greater insights into the performance of your content. Just like the metric categories and sub-metrics described above, the derived metrics should also be segmented to give greater insights.
Some insightful metrics that can be used in aggregate or segmented include:
- Percent of page fans reached by each post
- Page fan engagement rate vs. non-page fan engagement rate
- Consumption rate of videos vs. consumption rate of photos
- Negative feedback rate for each post type
These are just a few basic examples of derived metrics. There are many others that can also be computed depending on the objectives of your Facebook page.
While this column has touched on quite a few of the post level metrics available from Facebook, it is by no means exhaustive. This post was intended to show some of the potential options for your analysis that goes beyond what is available in Facebook Insights.
Additional metrics are available that allow you to look even deeper into the performance of your Facebook content, but I will leave those metrics for those who want to further explore the post level metrics that are available from Facebook. Happy analyzing!
Do you have specific derived metrics that you use to analyze your Facebook content? If so, let me know in the comments section. Always interested to see the innovative ways people are analyzing their data!